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Encyclopedia - Aerospatiale Gazelle

In 1968 Westland and Aerospatiale combined forces in an Anglo-French agreement to design a new light helicopter. First flown on 7 April 1967, the Aerospatiale Gazelle has seen widespread service with various armed forces around the world. Besides being a military success, the Gazelle was also the first helicopter to be certified to fly with a single pilot in Cat I weather conditions. Besides Westland, the Aerospatiale Gazelle was also produced under licence by Soko in the former Yugoslavia and ABHCo in Egypt.

The Aerospatiale Gazelle is a five-seat, single-engine turbine helicopter. Large bubble glazing and a central instrument pod offers excellent visibility for the flight crew. The Turbom├ęca Astazou XIV turboshaft engine drives a three-bladed main rotor and a Fenstron tail rotor. The fact that the Aerospatiale Gazelle was the first helicopter to feature the Fenestron tail rotor design, makes it the quietest helicopter in its era.

Gallery Images

Aerospatiale SA-342M Gazelle

General

Crew : Two (Pilot and Observer)
Accommodation : Up to 3 passengers in the liaison role

Powerplant

Number Of Engines : One
Powerplant type : Turbom├ęca Astazou XIVM turboshaft
Max Power Rating : 604kW (858shp)

Dimensions

Length, Rotors Turning : 11.97m (39ft 3.3in)
Height, Rotors Turning : 3.19m (10ft 5.6in)
Main Rotor Diameter : 10.50m (24ft 5.4in)
Main Rotor Disc Area : 86.59m2 (932.08sq ft)
Tail Rotor Diameter : 0.695m (2ft 3.4in)

Weights

Empty Weight : 991kg (2,184lb)
Max Take-off Weight : 1,900kg (4,188lb)
Internal fuel load : 425 litres (937lb)

Landing Gear

Type : Fixed twin-skid landing gear
Skid Track : 2.015m (6ft 7.3in)

Performance

Max Speed At Sea Level : 140kt (260km/h; 161mph)
Maximum Range : 710km (440mi)
Initial Climb Rate : 1,535ft (468m) per minute
Service Ceiling : 13,450ft (4,100m)


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