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Encyclopedia - AgustaWestland AW101 Merlin

The AW-101 and EH-101 Merlin HMA.1 is the most advanced helicopter used by the UK Royal Navy. The EH-101 was developed by Agusta and GKN Westland and first flew in 1987. The primary role of the Merlin is anti-submarine warfare, using a powerful search radar, sonar detection and other advanced avionics. Its main armament consists of Sting Ray torpedoes or depth charges. Powered by three Rolls Royce Turbom├ęca turboshaft engines, the Merlin has an excellent performance. In service at RNAS Culdrose from September 2000, the first operational unit to form was No.814 (Tiger) Squadron, based aboard HMS Ark Royal.

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AgustaWestland AW101 Merlin

General

Crew : Two or three
First Flight : 9 October 1987
Accommodation : Up to 30 passengers

Dimensions

Fuselage Length : 19.50m (63ft 11.7in)
Height : 6.63m (21ft 9in)
Main Rotor Diameter : 18.60m (61ft)
Tail Rotor Diameter : 4.00m (13ft 1in)

Weights

Max Take-off Weight : 15,600kg (34,392lb)

Landing Gear

Type : Retractable tricycle type with twin wheels on each unit
Wheelbase : 7.00m (22ft 11.6in)
Wheel Track : 4.53m (14ft 10in)

Performance

Cruising Speed : 150kt (278km/h; 174mph)
Maximum Range : 750nm (1,390km; 869mi)
Hover In Ground Effect : 10,800ft (3,290m)
Hover Out Of Ground Effect : 4,800ft (1,460m)


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