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Encyclopedia - Aerospatiale Puma

In the early 1960’s Sud-Aviation began development of a twin-turbine all-weather tactical and logistics transport, the first of two prototypes making its first flight on 15 April 1965. The Anglo-French helicopter agreement which ended on 2 April 1968 gave the UK company Westland Helicopters joint production rights of this helicopter, named the SA 330 Puma.

The Puma’s fuselage is of a conventional all-metal semi-monocoque construction, the engines mounted on top, forward of the main rotor assembly. The main rotor is driven by a gearbox, which combines the output from the engines to the main drive shaft. The tailboom is of monocoque construction and has a five-bladed tail rotor on the starboard side and a horizontal stabilizer on the port side. The landing gear is a semi-retractable tricycle type with twin wheels on each unit.

The Puma has been used in both civilian and military roles. Its twin-engine safety also makes it ideal for offshore transports to oil rigs and ships. Some versions also have filters forward of the air intakes improving its safety in sandy conditions.

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Aerospatiale AS.332B Super Puma


Number Of Engines : Two
Powerplant type : Turboméca Makila IA1 turboshaft
Max Power Rating : 1,400kW (1,877shp)


Height : 4.92m (16ft 1.7in)
Main Rotor Diameter : 15.60m (51ft 2.2in)
Main Rotor Disc Area : 191.13m2 (2,057.4sq ft)
Tail Rotor Diameter : 3.05m (10ft 0.1in)


Empty Weight : 4,200kg (9,259lb)
Max Take-off Weight : 9,000kg (19,842lb)
Internal fuel load : 1,200kg (2,646lb)

Landing Gear

Type : Retractable tricycle type with single-wheel main units and a twin-wheel nose unit
Wheelbase : 4.49m (14ft 8.8in)
Wheel Track : 3.00m (9ft 10.1in)


Max Speed At Cruising Level : 150kt (278km/h; 172mph)
Maximum Range : 334nm (618km; 384mi)
Service Ceiling : 15,090ft (4,600m)
Hover In Ground Effect : 8,860ft (2,700m)

Aerospatiale SA 330J Puma


Country of Origin : France


Number Of Engines : Two
Powerplant type : Turboméca Turmo IVC turboshafts
Max Power Rating : 1,174kW (1,575shp)


Length, Rotors Turning : 18.15m (59ft 6.5in)
Height : 5.14m (16ft 10.5in)
Main Rotor Diameter : 15.00m (49ft 2.5in)
Main Rotor Disc Area : 177.0m2 (1,905.3sq ft)
Tail Rotor Diameter : 3.05m (9ft 11.5in)


Empty Weight : 3,766kg (8,303lb)
Max Take-off Weight : 7,400kg (16,314lb)


Cruising Speed : 138kt (258km/h; 160mph)
Service Ceiling : 15,750ft (4,800m)

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